Annotations for “The Image in Lava”

These annotations account for the discrepancies between the The New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal and Records of Woman. The listings below correspond to the The New Monthly Magazine and Literary Journal publication.

  1. By Love and Agony!
  2. Empire from Earth have pass’d –
  3. By conquerors of mankind!
  4. Babe! wert thou calmly slumbering
  5. A strange, dark fate o’ertook you.
  6. But thorns on which to lean!
  7. Cast in Affection’s mould!
  8.  –Thy print upon the dust

Annotations for “The Grasmere Journal April – June 1802”

  1. Mrs. Calvert
  2. William Wordsworth’s “I wandered lonely as a cloud”
  3. William Wordsworth’s “Among all lovely things my Love had been”
  4. Likely, William Wordsworth’s “Written in March”
  5. Agnes Ashburner
  6. Margaret Ashburner
  7. William Wordsworth’s “Foresight”
  8. Dialect for a small hollow in a hillside
  9. Quotation from Ballad of Sir Patrick Spens
  10. William Wordsworth’s “Resolution and Independence”
  11. Mary and Sara Point
  12. William Wordsworth’s “A Farewell”
  13. Quotation from “Ode: written in a visit to the country in autumn”
  14. Goan Mackereth
  15. A servant of Mrs. Clarkson’s at Eusemere
  16. William Wordsworth’s “Evening Voluntaries, viii”
  17. Likely William Wordsworth’s “The Waggoner”
  18. William Wordsworth’s “Intimations of Immortality”
  19. Charles Churchill’s 1761 popular satirical theatre performance
  20. Lyrical Ballads (1802 edition)
  21. Page torn from manuscript here. Suspected that the journal continued detailing the swallows rebuilding their nest

Annotations for “The History of England”

  1. Jane Austen
  2. Technically, Pontefract Castle located in West Yorkshire, England
  3. Playwright William Shakespeare, author of famous dramas including “Romeo & Juliet”, “Macbeth”, and “Hamlet”
  4. One of the major battles in the Hundred Years War. Occurred on October 25, 1415 and was a momentous English victory
  5. French folk heroine and saint who, under divine inspiration, led the French army to many victories during the Hundred Years War
  6. Last significant battle in the War of the Roses. Occurred on August 22, 1485 and was a decisive Lancastrian victory
  7. Monastery located in Hampshire, England
  8. Second wife of Henry VIII and mother of future Queen Elizabeth I. She was beheaded at the Tower of London under Henry’s orders on May 19, 1536
  9. Royal abode located just outside of Northamptonshire, England
  10. Also, charade: a pretence or fake act
  11. English Civil War lasting from 1642-1651. Resulted in the beheading on Charles I
  12. Reference to the House of Stuart, the royal house of England at the time
  13. The French word equivalent of “the end”
  14. This date would make Jane Austen 15 years old

Annotations for “Letter From Grimalkin to Selima”

  1. Sense of smell
  2. Common names for maids
  3. Fine china from Dresden, Germany
  4. A British delicacy of cream mixed with wine or cider and flavoured with sugar
  5. Concert on the rooftop
  6. Position: in an office or household
  7. Infanticide was a particularly controversial phenomenon for women
  8. John Locke’s Same Thoughts Concerning Educations (1693)
  9. Maria Edgeworth’s Practical Education (1798)
  10. Elizabeth Hamilton’s Letters on the Elementary Principles of Education (1802)
  11. The principle laws of association are contiguity, repetition, attention, pleasure-pain, and similarity. The basic laws were formulated by Aristotle. Philosophy taught that the mind at birth is a blank slate and that all knowledge has to be acquired by learning. This was considered the best current theory of psychological function during Barbauld’s time period and one to which she personally subscribed
  12. Definition: to think deeply on something, to meditate or reflect
  13. “The present Irish cry, or howl, cannot boast of such melody, nor is the funeral procession conducted with much dignity.  The crow of people … at these funerals sometimes amounts to a thousand … They gather as the bearers of the hearse proceed on their way, and when they pass through any village … they begin to cry – Oh! Oh! Oh! Oh! Oh! Agh! Agh! raising their notes … in a kind of mournful howl” (Edgeworth, Castle Rackrent (1800) p.125)
  14. Parody of Sarah Pennington’s An Unfortunate Mother’s Advice to Her Absent Daughters